Per ANSI Z-490.1-2009, training development should follow a systematic process that includes:
Training courses should be developed and updated as necessary to be consistent with recognized principles of training development / instructional design. Training is effective when knowledge is imparted, or a desired outcome emerges in support of specified learning objectives. For training to be successful it must both be properly developed and delivered, but also be understood by the learner. The barriers to understanding are many; they are distinct and may be profound. In addition to the obvious barrier of language, less evident barriers such as literacy, learning style, and special needs must be addressed in order for training to be effective.
Course Development should systematically include:
- Needs Assessment(s) should identify the target audience characteristics and influence course design by addressing:
- Training courses that need to be completed per regulatory requirements by incorporating a training matrix (at minimum, the one published by Cal/OSHA); and
- Demographics of target audience and their training needs (including their literacy level)
- Objectives that are measurable and observable, and specific to what a participant must do after the training
- Course Design that translates adult learning principles into lesson plans; such as ADDIE, Backward Design, and Problem Based Learning.